Just the Facts: Settlements and Violence
- About 250 Israeli settlements have been established across the occupied West Bank since 1967.
- More than 620,000 Israelis currently live in settlements.
- Two-thirds of settlers live in Area C and one third in East Jerusalem.
- About 110 settlements are those built without official authorization but with governmental support and assistance (known as “illegal outposts”).
- The official municipal boundaries of Israeli settlements, which cover more than 10% of the West Bank, are declared ‘closed military areas’ and are off-limits for Palestinians.
- Over 400 kilometres of West Bank roads serving Israeli settlers are prohibited or highly restricted for Palestinian-plated vehicles.
- A third of the housing units in the neighborhoods adjacent to the settlement compounds of Hebron city (1,105 out of 3,358) were abandoned by their Palestinian residents as a result of access restrictions and systematic violence and harassment.
- Over 90% of reports of settler attacks against Palestinians and their property filed with the Israeli Police are closed without indictment of a suspect.
- Settlements are illegal under international humanitarian law as they violate Article 49 of the Fourth Geneva Convention.
- 304 Palestinian shops and warehouses closed on and around Shuhada Street in 2007.
- 40% of homes in the area had been forcibly emptied by 2007.
- Settlements cover 538,130 dunams – almost 10% of the West Bank.
This week’s Just the Facts comes from:
- Visualizing Palestine‘s “Shuhada Street” and “Heritage under Threat”.
- OCHA oPt‘s “West Bank | The humanitarian impact of Israeli settlement activities”.
- B’Tselem‘s “Settlements” page.
- You could read Al-Haq’s just-released urgent appeal to the United Nations regarding settler violence.
- To go deeper, we have an extensive list of Additional Resources at the bottom of this week’s entry and we’re developing a YouTube playlist on the subject.